Main Category: HIV / AIDS
Also Included In: Sexual Health / STDs; Men’s health
Article Date: 17 Apr 2012 – 5:00 PDT
email to a friend printer friendly opinions
<!– rate article
Patient / Public:Healthcare Prof:
IRMA (International Rectal Microbicide Advocates) will release “On the Map: Ensuring Africa’s Place in Rectal Microbicide Research and Advocacy” at a special evening reception at the international Microbicides 2012 conference at the Sydney Convention and Exhibition Center.
The report can be found here:*
A cornerstone of IRMA’s Project ARM (Africa for Rectal Microbicides) initiative, the strategy document developed by African advocates, researchers, and global allies outlines priority actions to ensure Africa fully engages in rectal microbicide research and advocacy activities, including the integration of safe anal-sex messaging into HIV prevention programs.
“For far too long the operating principle concerning the HIV epidemic in Africa has been that it is solely heterosexual, and that sexual transmission is entirely driven by unprotected vaginal intercourse between men and women,” said Jim Pickett, IRMA chair. “But an increasing body of evidence tells us quite clearly that unprotected anal intercourse is happening all across the continent – amongst heterosexuals as well as gay men, other men who have sex with men (MSM), and transgender individuals. Unprotected anal intercourse is not uncommon in Africa,” he continued, “and compared to unprotected vaginal intercourse, it is 10 to 20 times more likely to result in HIV infection. We absolutely need to be concerned about this.”
“We still face significant hurdles regarding human rights for gay men, MSM, and transgender individuals in Africa, but the collective, long-term efforts of advocates and scientists are indeed lifting the denial around anal sex in the African context,” said Morenike Ukpong, New HIV Vaccines and Microbicides Advocacy Society in Nigeria, IRMA member, and one of the chief architects of the Project ARM strategy. “Great efforts have long been underway to develop safe and effective vaginal microbicides for African women. We need the same level of commitment and resources for the development of safe, effective, acceptable and accessible rectal microbicides for Africans regardless of gender identity or sexual orientation.”
“Our diverse sexualities in Africa shouldn’t be defined only by the prevention tools we have available. HIV prevention tools must be adapted to our sexualities.” – Alliance Nikuze, Rwanda, IRMA member, as quoted in the report.
“On the Map: Ensuring Africa’s Place in Rectal Microbicide Research and Advocacy” is the result of an intensive two-day consultation conducted with over 40 Africans and allies that took place in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia in early December 2011. It calls for a set of activities related to research and community mobilization designed to fully engage Africans, including a Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviours study on anal sex, advocacy for increased condom-compatible lubricant access, and communication and education activities.
Even as this report is being released, Africa has already made great strides in rectal microbicide research and advocacy. A global Phase II rectal microbicide trial looking at tenofovir gel in gay men and transgender women, planned by the Microbicide Trials Network (MTN), includes the Desmond Tutu HIV Foundation in Cape Town, South Africa as one of its clinical trial sites. As IRMA member and Desmond Tutu research assistant Brian Kanyemba says in the report, “I am incredibly proud to say we will be the very first African trial site for a rectal microbicide study. I hope the field will conduct rectal microbicide research in other African countries as well as South Africa!”
“Africans need rectal microbicides and they need to be part of the advocacy, research and development processes that are essential to creating products that are not only safe and effective but acceptable and accessible too. I pledge our full support for the efforts of Project ARM.” – Dr. Ian McGowan, United States, MTN co-principal investigator and IRMA Scientific Vice Chair, as quoted in the report.
Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report:
Please note: If no author information is provided, the source is cited instead.
Add Your Opinion On This Article
‘In The Fight Against HIV In Africa, Rectal Microbicides Are Becoming A High Priority’
Please note that we publish your name, but we do not publish your email address. It is only used to let
If you write about specific medications or operations, please do not name health care professionals by name.
All opinions are moderated before being included (to stop spam)
Contact Our News Editors
For any corrections of factual information, or to contact the editors please use our feedback form.
Please send any medical news or health news press releases to:
Note: Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a health care
professional. For more information, please read our terms and conditions.
Terms and Conditions
MediLexicon International Ltd
Bexhill-on-Sea, United Kingdom
MediLexicon International Ltd © 2004-2012 All rights reserved.
Article source: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/releases/244182.php
25:40 Enkosi DinnerBe one of 40 exclusive 25:40 guests at The Wine House in Fairfax, VA, Sunday March 19. Enjoy a multi-course meal with wine pairings specially chosen and presented by The Wine House owner and connoisseur Michael Pearce. Bid on exciting items in our silent auction, as well. Purchase tickets at: https://tinyurl.com/jkmdkm3
Introduction to 25:40
follow us on facebook